• Reference [4]
Etiology of LBP Prevalence
Nonspecific LBP 70%
Age-related degenerative changes of the spine 10%
Disc disease 4%
Compression fracture 4%
Spinal stenosis 3%
Spondylolisthesis 2%
Cancer 0.7%
Inflammatory arthritis
(ankylosing spondylitis, etc.)
0.3%
All other 6%