- HPV infection in itself is not treatable
- The sequelae of HPV infection (e.g. genital warts, cervical dysplasia, cervical cancer) are treatable
- Cervical cancer screening with PAP smears is primarily performed to screen for cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer caused by HPV.
See PAP guidelines for more information.
- HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection
- There are over 100 different HPV types. Types that are known to cause cancer are called high-risk types. Types that are not associated with cancer
but may cause warts are called low-risk types.
- High-risk HPV types include: 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59, 66, or 68
- High-risk HPV has been associated with a higher risk for cancer of the cervix, vagina, penis, anus, and oropharynx in both men and women
- HPV types 16 and 18 are found in 70% of cervical cancers. HPV types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 are the next most common types associated with
cervical cancer. These types were added to Gardasil to make the Gardasil 9 vaccine.
- HPV types 6 and 11 cause 90% of genital warts
- The Gardasil vaccine helps protect against HPV Types 6, 11, 16, and 18
- The Gardasil 9 vaccine helps protect against HPV Types 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58
- The Gardasil vaccines may be given starting at age 11 years. In 2018, Gardasil 9 was FDA-approved for use in men and women through age 45
- See screening and immunization recs for Gardasil vaccination schedules
- A study among women who inadvertently received the Gardasil vaccine during pregnancy found that it did not increase the risk of spontaneous abortion
|Prevalence of HPV infection in adults 18 - 69 years (U.S. 2011 - 2014)
|Any genital HPV
|High-risk genital HPV
|Any oral HPV
|High-risk oral HPV